A social and socio-economic Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) is a social impact (and potential impact) assessment technique that aims to assess the social and socio-economic aspects of products and their potential positive and negative impacts along their life cycle, encompassing extraction and processing of raw materials; manufacturing; distribution; use; re-use; maintenance; recycling; and final disposal. S-LCA complements E-LCA with social and socio-economic aspects. It can either be applied on its own or in combination with E-LCA.
The S-LCA of a product includes social and socio-economic problems that may occur with workers and communities where a company production takes place. The S-LCA, assesses social and socio economic impacts along the life cycle from the raw material extraction, until the final disposal of a product.
Environmental LCA and the S-LCA have a lot in common. Both methodologies:
The following are the stakeholders and impact categories included in the S-LCA, developed by UNEP :
|Consumers||Health and safety|
|Value chain actors||Cultural heritage|